The Proposal

Executive Summary

1. Situational Analysis

2. Outline of Proposal

3. Origins of Proposal

4. USDA Integration

5. Case for Integration

6. Enhanced Funding

7. Case for Funding

8. CREATE-21 and NIFA

Related Materials

Supporting Documents

Values and Principles


Results of BAA Vote



Between 1970 and 2005:

The population of the United States rose from 203 to 296 million. You can see the detailed statistics at
U.S. GDP increased by $7.2 trillion.
Federal revenues grew by $1.3 trillion and outlays increased by $1.6 trillion.
U.S. defense spending increased by $152 billion; and domestic spending by $274 billion.
Federal health/medical research funding (NIH) grew by $22.6 billion.
General federal science research funding (NSF) increased by $2.5 billion.
However, federal funding for food, agriculture, and natural resources research (USDA) grew by just $652 million.

But in just the last ten years (Fiscal Years 1996 and 2005):

NIH funding rose by $15.0 billion.
NSF funding increased by $1.4 billion.
But, USDA research funding grew by only $360 million.
And, USDA base (Hatch) funding for State Agricultural Experiment Stations and related institutions actually dropped by $27 million.
Also, USDA base (Smith-Lever) funding for the Cooperative Extension Service declined by $45 million.
The principal food, agriculture, and natural resources competitive grants program at USDA – the National Research Initiative (NRI) – did increase, but only by $79 million.
However, the NRI appropriation of $180 million (2005 dollars) in FY 2005 was less than the amount which each of 25 states received in NIH grants during that same year.

Compounding the chronic financial shortfall for research, extension, and teaching activities is the fact that these responsibilities are spread over four USDA agencies: Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES), Economic Research Service (ERS), and Forest Service (USFS).

While there is collaboration between agencies, there is also programmatic duplication and no clear “lead agency” to address critical and urgent national food, agriculture, and natural resource problems.

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